LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||21/NOV/2011 1:49 AM|
|Assunto:||Last month and present perfect|
Well, Aman, seems like you brought up the sentence from Guardian (from the link embedded in/inside the post), so would be more like "British Grammar", hence the link I posted before was focused in that kind of English.
Anyway, see the boldened part, fell that in English what matters is not the tense in itself but its effect (or, say, after-effect). The "present" in the "present perfect simple " is the "remindind" of this effect in the present.
Now, not having the "signal words'' you are used to see in English lessons, it´s an incentive to see the sentence from others perspectives; and to see the emphasis is seems like one that figures first in the "peck order" of the list, hence I let then in blue and boldened.
action in the past taking place once, never or several times.
Signal Words of Simple Past
action that stopped recently
finished action that has an influence on the present
action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking
Signal Words of Present Perfect
And, LAST NIGHT is normally used in the SIMPLE PAST.
Orações no simple past são normalmente acompanhadas por advérbios ou locuções adverbiais que indicam tempo passado, como: yesterday, last + advérbio de tempo (last night, last month, last year) e expressões compostas por advérbio de tempo + ago (a year ago, a few hours ago, a month ago). Pode aparecer também após alguns advérbios que funcionam como indicadores do SIMPLE PRESENT (always, never, on weekends), mas para indicar uma ocorrência habitual no passado.
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