LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||25/JAN/2012 3:48 PM|
|Assunto:||contrasting dictionaries Cross (over)|
I'm not answering the question, I am simply sharing access to an entry on two different Oxford dictionaries.
This reference is from the American version of the Oxford dictionary group.
cross /kraws, kros/ n., v., & adj.
1. an upright post with a transverse bar, as used in antiquity for crucifixion.
2. (a) ( the Cross ) the cross on which Christ was crucified. (b) a representation of this as an emblem of Christianity. (c) = SIGN OF THE CROSS.
3. a staff surmounted by a cross and borne in a religious procession.
4. (a) a thing or mark shaped like a cross, esp. two short intersecting lines (+ or x). (b) a monument in the form of a cross.
5. a cross-shaped decoration indicating rank in some orders of knighthood or awarded for personal valor.
6. (a) an intermixture of animal breeds or plant varieties. (b) an animal or plant resulting from this.
7. (foll. by between) a mixture of two things.
8. a crosswise movement.
9. a trial or affliction (bear one’s crosses).
1. tr. (often foll. by over; also absol.) go across or to the other side of (a road, river, sea, etc.).
2. (a) intr. intersect or be across one another (the roads cross near the bridge). (b) tr. cause to do this; place crosswise (cross one’s legs).
3. tr. draw a line or lines across.
4. tr. (foll. by off, out, through) cancel or obliterate or remove from a list with lines drawn across.
5. tr. (often refl.) make the sign of the cross on or over.
6. intr. (a) pass in opposite or different directions. (b) (of letters between two correspondents) each be dispatched before receipt of the other. (c) (of telephone lines) become wrongly interconnected so that intrusive calls can be heard.
7. tr. (a) cause to interbreed. (b) cross-fertilize (plants).
8. tr. thwart or frustrate (crossed in love).
9. tr. (sl.) cheat.
1. (often foll. by with) peevish; angry.
2. (usu. attrib.) transverse; reaching from side to side.
3. (usu. attrib.) intersecting.
4. (usu. attrib.) contrary; opposed; reciprocal.
at cross purposes misunderstanding one another.
cross one’s fingers (or keep one’s fingers crossed) 1. put one finger across another as a sign of hoping for good luck. 2. trust in good luck.
cross one’s heart make a solemn pledge, esp. by crossing one’s front.
cross one’s mind (of a thought, etc.) occur to one, esp. transiently.
cross a person’s palm (usu. foll. by with) 1. pay a person for a favor. 2. bribe.
cross the path of 1. meet with (a person). 2. thwart.
cross swords (often foll. by with) have an argument or dispute.
cross wires (or get one’s wires crossed) 1. become wrongly connected by telephone. 2. have a misunderstanding.
- DERIVATIVES crossly adv. - DERIVATIVES crossness n.
"cross n., v., & adj." The Oxford American Dictionary of Current English. Oxford University Press, 1999. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Utah Valley University. 25 January 2012 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t21.e7437>
This next part is from the Oxford Dictionary of English, where over appears more often.
1. a mark, object, or figure formed by two short intersecting lines or pieces (+ or ×): place a cross against the preferred choice. ■ a cross (×) used to show that something is incorrect or unsatisfactory.
2. an upright post with a transverse bar, as used in antiquity for crucifixion. ■ (the Cross) the cross on which Christ was crucified. ■ a cross as an emblem of Christianity: she wore a cross around her neck. ■short for sign of thecross (see sign). ■ a staff surmounted by a cross carried in religious processions and on ceremonial occasions before an archbishop.
3. something unavoidable that has to be endured: she's just a cross we have to bear.
4. a cross-shaped decoration awarded for personal valour or indicating rank in some orders of knighthood: the Military Cross.
5. (the Cross) the constellation Crux. Also called Southern Cross.
6. an animal or plant resulting from cross-breeding; a hybrid: a Galloway and shorthorn cross. ■(a cross between) a mixture or compromise of two things: the system is a cross between a monorail and a conventional railway.
7. (Soccer) a pass of the ball across the field towards the centre close to one's opponents' goal.
8. (Boxing) a blow given with a crosswise movement of the fist: a right cross.
▶verb [with obj.]
1. go or extend across or to the other side of (an area, stretch of water, etc.): she has crossed the Atlantic twice | two paths crossed the field | (figurative) a shadow of apprehension crossed her face | [no obj.] we crossed over the bridge. ■ go across or climb over (an obstacle or boundary): he attempted to cross the border into Jordan | [no obj.] we crossed over a stile. ■[no obj.] (cross over) (especially of an artist or an artistic style or work) begin to appeal to a different audience, especially a wider one: a talented animator who crossed over to live action.
2. [no obj.] pass in an opposite or different direction; intersect: the two lines cross at 90°. ■[with obj.] cause to intersect or lie crosswise: cross the cables in opposing directions | Michele sat back and crossed her arms. ■ (of a letter) be dispatched before receipt of another from the person being written to: our letters crossed.
3. draw a line or lines across; mark with a cross: voters should ask one question before they cross today's ballot paper. ■ (Brit.) mark or annotate (a cheque), typically by drawing a pair of parallel lines across it, to indicate that it must be paid into a named bank account. ■(cross someone/thing off) delete a name or item on a list as being no longer required or involved: Liz crossed off the days on the calendar. ■(cross something out/through) delete an incorrect or inapplicable word or phrase by drawing a line through it.
4. (cross oneself) (of a person) make the sign of the cross in front of one's chest as a sign of Christian reverence or to invoke divine protection.
5. (Soccer) pass (the ball) across the field towards the centre when attacking.
6. cause (an animal of one species, breed, or variety) to breed with one of another species, breed, or variety: many animals of the breed were crossed with the closely related Guernsey. ■ cross-fertilize (a plant): a hybrid tea wascrossed with a polyantha rose.
7. oppose or stand in the way of (someone): no one dared cross him.
▶adjective annoyed: he seemed to be very cross about something.
as cross as two sticks (Brit.) very annoyed or irritated.
at cross purposes misunderstanding or having different aims from one another: we had been talking at cross purposes.
cross one's fingers (or keep one's fingers crossed) put one finger across another as a sign of hoping for good luck.
cross the floor (Brit.) join the opposing side in Parliament.
cross my heart (and hope to die) used to emphasize the truthfulness and sincerity of what one is saying.
cross one's legs place one leg over the other while seated: I crossed my my legs and leaned back in my chair.
cross one's mind (of a thought) occur to one, especially transiently: it had not crossed Flora's mind that they might need payment.
cross someone's palm with silver (humorous) pay someone for a favour or service, especially before having one's fortune told.
cross someone's path be met or encountered.
cross swords have an argument or dispute.
crossed line a telephone connection that has been wrongly made with the result that another call or calls can be heard.
get one's wires (or lines) crossed become wrongly connected by telephone. ■ have a misunderstanding.
have a/one's cross to bear have a difficult problem or responsibility one has to deal with: as a smoker, I can tell you it's a horrible habit, but that's my cross to bear.
- ORIGIN late Old English (in the sense ‘monument in the form of a cross’): from Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin crux.
How to cite this entry:
"cross noun" Oxford Dictionary of English. Edited by Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2010. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Utah Valley University. 25 January 2012 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t140.e0192360>
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