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Autor:  Polibius
E-mail:  não-disponível
Data:  04/JAN/2013 3:22 PM
Assunto:  past perfect
 
Mensagem:  For me either the simple past or present perfect does the trick, everything boils down to what one wants to convey. If the simple past is used, the speaker wants to set the whole story in the past, even if it's not mentioned it is implied by both speaker and listener. On the other hand, the perfect is used when the speaker wants to draw the situation to the present, the speaker sees the event as relevant for the present moment.The difference between (1) I won the race and (2) I have won the race is that with (1) I see the event as an objective fact that happened at a certain point in the past and with (2), I bring to the present the moment in my mind, and any adverbial refering to the past automatically blocks this because they inherently have to locate the fact in the past.


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 English Made in Brazil -- English, Portuguese, & contrastive linguistics
past perfect   –  Marcela  03/JAN/2013, 5:29 PM
past perfect   –  Polibius  03/JAN/2013, 8:53 PM
past perfect   –  Marcela  03/JAN/2013, 11:09 PM
past perfect   –  Polibius  04/JAN/2013, 11:19 AM
past perfect   –  Sidney  04/JAN/2013, 12:34 PM
past perfect   –  Ricardo - EMB  04/JAN/2013, 1:52 PM
 past perfect   –  Polibius  04/JAN/2013, 3:22 PM

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