Futebol de Salão
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If you are looking for the FIFA-sanctioned sport, please see futsal.
Futebol de Salão is a Portuguese word (literally meaning "Hall Football") that, in spite of meaning futsal (which is, in fact, an acronym for futebol de salão) in its original language, has come to be used in English (and mostly in England) to designate a slightly modified version of the FIFA-sanctioned five-a-side football. It is played with a smaller (size 2) ball that has limited bounce.
The game now is globally promoted and controlled through the International Confederation of Futebol de Salão, based in the United Kingdom and set up by Simon Clifford after a chance meeting with the Brazilian Footballer Juninho's father at a Premiership football match.
Futsal has a larger ball than futebol de salão (size 4 compared to size 2). The futsal ball used to have the same dimensions, but they were changed by FIFA and nowadays the futsal ball is twice as bouncy and much lighter. Even though the rules of futebol de salão do not differ from those of futsal unless in terms of the ball, promoters of futebol de salão argue that they are different sports. However, in Brazil, a country where the sport has been played for decades, no difference is acknowledged, and the change in the ball dimensions has been seen as an improvement in the rules of the game instead of the creation of a new sport.
History of Futebol de Salão
In 1895 Charles Miller, a railway worker, travelled from Southampton in England to São Paulo in Brazil. Miller carried two footballs and an FA rule book. Soon it caught on and MIller was behind the beginnings of structured football in Brazil. He is now revered as the Father of Brazilian football.
By the 1920's the game had become very popular, but the big cities lacked space for football pitches. Thus the 5-a-side Futebol de Salão was born using handballs on a handball court.
Futebol De Salao
Futebol de Salao is a 5-a-side version of football of South American origin that is played with a smaller (size 2), heavier (465g) ball that has virtually no bounce (10%). The game became very popular in Brazil where players such as Pele, Rivelino, Zico right through to Juninho, Ronaldo and Rivaldo were brought up first playing Futebol de Salao before moving on to conventional football.
Following FIFA's decision to promote the game of Futsal (5-a-side played with a size 4 ball with 20-25% rebound), Futebol de Salão is developed globally through the International Confederation of Futebol de Salao which sees the game as being the best start for children in football.
Originally setting up Brazilian Football Academies and Soccer Schools in the UK, the International Confederation of Futebol de Salao now oversees the game throughout the world and has centres up and running in numerous countries.