Fórum EMB de Discussões
[  EMB's Main Menu  |  Forum Index  |  Cadastro  |  Search  ]
   
ENGLISH
PORTUGUESE
 LINGUISTICS & CULTURE


Autor:  Sidney
E-mail:  não-disponível
Data:  12/MAI/2010 12:47 PM
Assunto:  will
 
Mensagem: 

  Merriam-Webster Collegiate® Dictionary    

•  1will 

Pronunciation:     wəl, (ə)l, əl, 'wil
Function:           verb
Inflected Form:    past would \wəd, (ə)d, 'wu̇d\ present singular & plural will
Etymology:          Middle English (1st & 3d singular present indicative), from Old English wille (infin. wyllan); akin to Old High German wili (3d singular present indicative) wills, Latin velle to wish, will
Date:               before 12th century


transitive verb : DESIRE, WISH <call it what you will>
verbal auxiliary
1 ― used to express desire, choice, willingness, consent, or in negative constructions refusal <no one would take the job> <if we will all do our best> <will you please stop that racket>
2 ― used to express frequent, customary, or habitual action or natural tendency or disposition <will get angry over nothing> <will work one day and loaf the next>
3 ― used to express futurity <tomorrow morning I will wake up in this first-class hotel suite ― Tennessee Williams>
4 ― used to express capability or sufficiency <the back seat will hold three passengers>
5 ― used to express probability and often equivalent to the simple verb <that will be the babysitter>
6 a ― used to express determination, insistence, persistence, or willfulness <I have made up my mind to go and go I will> b ― used to express inevitability <accidents will happen>
7 ― used to express a command, exhortation, or injunction <you will do as I say, at once>
intransitive verb : to have a wish or desire <whether we will or no>
usage see SHALL
 –if you will : if you wish to call it that <a kind of preoccupation, or obsession if you will ― Louis Auchincloss>
 
•  2will 

Pronunciation:     'wil
Function:           noun
Etymology:          Middle English, from Old English willa will, desire; akin to Old English wille
Date:               before 12th century

1 : DESIRE, WISH: as a : DISPOSITION, INCLINATION <where there's a will there's a way> b : APPETITE, PASSION c : CHOICE, DETERMINATION
2 a : something desired especially : a choice or determination of one having authority or power b (1) archaic : REQUEST, COMMAND (2) [from the phrase our will is which introduces it] : the part of a summons expressing a royal command
3 : the act, process, or experience of willing : VOLITION
4 a : mental powers manifested as wishing, choosing, desiring, or intending b : a disposition to act according to principles or ends c : the collective desire of a group <the will of the people>
5 : the power of control over one's own actions or emotions <a man of iron will>
6 : a legal declaration of a person's wishes regarding the disposal of his or her property or estate after death especially : a written instrument legally executed by which a person makes disposition of his or her estate to take effect after death
 –at will : as one wishes : as or when it pleases or suits oneself
 
•  3will 

Pronunciation:     'wil
Function:           transitive verb
Date:               before 12th century

1 a : to order or direct by a will <willed that her property be divided among her children> b : to dispose of by or as if by a will : BEQUEATH <willed his entire estate to this wife>
2 a : to determine by an act of choice b : DECREE, ORDAIN <Providence wills it> c : INTEND, PURPOSE d : to cause or change by an act of will <believed he could will himself to succeed> also : to try to do so
intransitive verb
1 : to exercise the will
2 : CHOOSE <do as you will>
 
•  will (as used in expressions) 

chuck will's widow
free will
general will
ill will
living will
self will
the traffic will bear
whip poor will
if you will
at will
will less
will o' the wisp
will to power
self willed
would be


© 2005 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated Merriam-Webster Collegiate® Thesaurus    

•  will 

Function: verb

to be inclined <you may decide whichever way you will>
Synonyms: choose, elect, like, please, wish
Related Words: crave, desire, want
Idioms: have a mind to, see (or think) fit

 

Function: noun

1 a desire to act in a particular way or have a particular thing <I've no will to be sociable tonight>
Synonyms: fancy, inclination, liking, mind, pleasure, velleity
Related Words: appetite, desire, passion, urge; hankering, longing, pining, yearning
Idioms: heart's desire
Contrasted Words: aversion, dislike, distaste, repugnance, repulsion, revulsion
2 the aspect of mind involved in choosing or deciding <problems arise when one's will and judgment come in conflict>
Synonyms: volition
Related Words: design, intent, purpose, wishes; character, disposition, temper
3 power of controlling one's actions, impulses, or emotions <a self-indulgent man of feeble character and little will>
Synonyms: discipline, self-command, self-control, self-discipline, self-government, self-mastery, self-restraint, willpower
Related Words: aplomb, assurance, confidence, poise, self-possession; control, discretion, restraint
Contrasted Words: gratification, indulgence, self-indulgence

 

Function: verb

to give to another by will <will family treasures to a relative>
Synonyms: bequeath, devise, leave, legate

 
•  will (as used in expressions) 


ill will
will less
self willed


© 2005 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated American Heritage Dictionary    

•  will(1) 

will(1) (wĭl)
n.
  The mental faculty by which one deliberately chooses or decides upon a course of action: championed freedom of will against a doctrine of predetermination.  The act of exercising the will.
  Diligent purposefulness; determination: an athlete with the will to win.  Self-control; self-discipline: lacked the will to overcome the addiction.
 A desire, purpose, or determination, especially of one in authority: It is the sovereign's will that the prisoner be spared.
 Deliberate intention or wish: Let it be known that I took this course of action against my will.
 Free discretion; inclination or pleasure: wandered about, guided only by will.
 Bearing or attitude toward others; disposition: full of good will.
  A legal declaration of how a person wishes his or her possessions to be disposed of after death. A legally executed document containing this declaration.
v. willed, will·ing, wills
v. tr.
 To decide on; choose.
 To yearn for; desire: “She makes you will your own destruction” (George Bernard Shaw).
 To decree, dictate, or order.
 To resolve with a forceful will; determine.
 To induce or try to induce by sheer force of will: We willed the sun to come out.
 To grant in a legal will; bequeath.
v. intr.
 To exercise the will.
 To make a choice; choose.
Idiom:
at will
Just as or when one wishes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[Middle English, from Old English willa. See wel-1 in Indo-European Roots.]
 
•  will(2) 

will(2) (wĭl)
aux.v. Past tense would (wd)
 Used to indicate simple futurity: They will appear later.
 Used to indicate likelihood or certainty: You will regret this.
 Used to indicate willingness: Will you help me with this package?
 Used to indicate requirement or command: You will report to me afterward.
 Used to indicate intention: I will too if I feel like it.
 Used to indicate customary or habitual action: People will talk.
 Used to indicate capacity or ability: This metal will not crack under heavy pressure.
 Used to indicate probability or expectation: That will be the messenger ringing.
tr. & intr.v.
To wish; desire: Do what you will. Sit here if you will. See Usage Note at shall.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[Middle English willen, to intend to, from Old English willan. See wel-1 in Indo-European Roots.]


Envie uma resposta
Índice de mensagens


 English Made in Brazil -- English, Portuguese, & contrastive linguistics
will  –  joao neto  12/MAI/2010, 12:23 PM
will  –  Teacher  12/MAI/2010, 12:45 PM
will  –  Dale-USA  12/MAI/2010, 9:59 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Paulo Vidal  15/MAI/2010, 11:54 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Agripino  16/MAI/2010, 10:49 AM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Ricardo - EMB  16/MAI/2010, 2:54 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Paulo Vidal  16/MAI/2010, 6:30 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  PPAULO  16/MAI/2010, 9:59 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Agripino  17/MAI/2010, 4:13 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  eddie  17/MAI/2010, 4:33 PM
DALE - CRÍTICAS...  –  Teacher  17/MAI/2010, 6:16 PM
 will  –  Sidney  12/MAI/2010, 12:47 PM
will  –  Paulo Vidal  15/MAI/2010, 11:42 PM
will  –  Paulo Vidal  15/MAI/2010, 11:45 PM
will... história do will; venhamos e convenhamos  –  Teachers  16/MAI/2010, 11:08 PM
will  –  Paulo S  17/MAI/2010, 5:49 PM
will  –  bill  17/MAI/2010, 7:53 PM
will  –  PPAULO  17/MAI/2010, 8:41 PM
will  –  PPAULO  17/MAI/2010, 8:47 PM

Contents of this forum are copy-free.
By S&K