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Autor:  Dale-USA
E-mail:  dale_thomas2004@yahoo.com.br
Data:  25/AGO/2010 12:26 PM
Assunto:  Inocente
 
Mensagem:  Silvio, "innocent" is often used as a synonym of "not guilty".  However, they do not mean the same thing in court.  You can be innocent or guilty in a moral sense, and you can be not guilty or guilty in a legal sense.  Forget what newspapers articles say, and verify my statements in a dictionary of legal terms.

(1) To be innocent is a moral issue.  You did not commit the crime.  Period.
(2) To be guilty is a moral issue.  You committed the crime.  Period.

(3) To be guilty is a legal issue.  You have pled guilty, or the judge or a jury has determined that there is sufficient evidence for a reasonable person to believe you committed the crime.
(4) To be not guilty is a legal issue.  The judge or a jury has determined that there is insufficient evidence for a reasonable person to believe you committed the crime.

(1) You did not steal the horse, and you are innocent in the moral sense.
If the judge or jury believes that you stole it, however, it is determined you are guilty in the legal sense
(2) You stole the horse, and you are guilty in the moral sense. 
If the judge or jury believes that there is reasonable cause to believe that you stole it, it is determined you are guilty in the legal sense
If the judge or jury does not believe that there is reasonable cause to believe you stole it, it is determined you are not guilty in the legal senseIn such a situation, you are acquitted or said to have won an acquital.
== == == == == == == == == == == == ==
to be found guilty = to be determined to be guilty, to be pronounced/declared guilty


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 English Made in Brazil -- English, Portuguese, & contrastive linguistics
Inocente  –  Sílvio B.  25/AGO/2010, 10:39 AM
 Inocente  –  Dale-USA  25/AGO/2010, 12:26 PM
Inocente  –  Sílvio B.  25/AGO/2010, 9:39 PM

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