LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||13/ABR/2005 12:08 PM|
|Assunto:||Re: Where is the subject?|
According to the "Practical English Usage" (Michael Swan), subject is "a noun or pronoun that comes before the verb in an ordinary affirmative sentence. It often says (in an active sentence) who or what does the action that the verb refers to."
"The Grammar Book" (Celce-Murcia & Larsen-Freeman) says that, in these ocasions, "there" is called a "nonreferencial, dummy, empty" subject, i.e., "without a clearly identifiable referent, "it" and "there"are free to serve very useful purposes in English."
Meaning, the subjet is "there" but "the verb may be singular or plural depending on the form of the noun phrase following the "be"." (The Grammar Book, Celce-Murcia & Larsen-Freeman). EX. There is a boy. There are boys.
The explanation the authors provide for this agreement is that the noun phrase would be the real subject if the "there" would have not interverned.
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