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Autor:  Tom
E-mail:  não-disponível
Data:  14/ABR/2005 10:58 AM
Assunto:  Re: sandwich
 
Mensagem:  The hamburger IS a sandwich. The meat is between two pieces of bread (a bun cut in half). We say "I'd like a grilled cheese today." and the word sandwich is not in the sentence but everyone knows what it means. If you say "Gimme a ham on rye." it means a ham sandwich made with rye bread. The word sandwich does not have to be said. It's understood. National Public Radio wanted people to know about the origin of the hamburger. So, here's what they had to say: quote Back in the dark ages of American kitchens, otherwise known as the mid-to-late 19th century, the hamburger was nowhere to be found. Sure, we had ground beef, introduced by German immigrants in the early 1800s, but a Hamburg steak is one giant white-bread step away from a hamburger. Who was the first to slap it on a bun? As it turns out, we've got a few competitors. First up, Louis Lassen, original owner of Louis' Lunch in New Haven, Conn. Local legend submits that in 1900 one of Louis' customers wanted lunch in a hurry, so the cook put a beef patty between two slices of white bread. Simple enough. And, as if to provide evidence for the story, the restaurant adheres to that rule of simplicity today. Want ketchup or lettuce? You're out of luck. Louis' patrons have a choice of tomatoes, onions, or cheese on their burgers, and nothing else. It's just the way a hamburger should be served, the proprietors insist. And they should know, right? Perhaps, but the town of Seymour, Wis., might beg to differ. Seymour happens to be home to the Hamburger Hall of Fame, and another claim to the burger's birthplace. Tom Duffy, a local resident, insists that one Charles Nagreen is the man to whom the long history of the hamburger can be traced. Duffy says "Hamburger Charlie" Nagreen was a vendor at a local fair in 1885 when he realized that fairgoers on the move would have an easier time eating his meatballs if he made them more portable. Two slices of white bread later, the hamburger was born. Or was it? Another fairground, another hamburger inventor. Make that two hamburger inventors. The 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis was the location. The two men? Fletcher Davis of Texas and Frank Menches of Ohio. The respective families of each say it was their relative who came up with the sandwich. Lassen, Nagreen, Davis, Menches. Take your pick. One thing that's not in dispute, however, is the reason hamburgers became so popular around the turn of the century. Jeffrey Tennyson, author of Hamburger Heaven: The Illustrated History of the Hamburger, says it's very possible that more than one person came up with the idea at the same time. In a changing landscape, it was an idea just waiting to happen. "As the country grew, America (was) on the run, the cities growing, people in automobiles," Tennyson says. "It was the perfect culinary concoction. And the bottom line is it tasted pretty great." The wide-open spaces of America and its growing automobile culture helped make the hamburger an even bigger success with the advent of the burger chain restaurant. The very first chain sprouted in Wichita, Kan., under the supervision of Walter Anderson and Billy Ingram. In 1921, they opened their first White Castle outlet, and by 1930, says Tennyson, there were more than 100 restaurants, all serving the exact same burger. But it was the brothers McDonald, Richard and Maurice, who opened the fast-food floodgates. The first McDonald's opened in 1948, but business really took off in 1954, when the brothers met Ray Kroc. They agreed to let Kroc franchise the restaurants, which had an assembly-line production policy that meant short lines and inexpensive burgers. One decade after Kroc came aboard, McDonald's had opened 657 restaurants. Today McDonald's is the most popular hamburger in America, but it's far from the only option. From gourmet burgers to meatless soy patties at backyard barbecues, hamburger lovers have plenty to choose from. And while we may never discover exactly who it was that first came up with the idea, one thing is clear. Burgers have been filling American stomachs for a century now, and show no signs of going away. unquote


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 English Made in Brazil -- English, Portuguese, & contrastive linguistics
sandwich  –  Ana  14/ABR/2005, 10:02 AM
 Re: sandwich  –  Tom  14/ABR/2005, 10:58 AM
Re: sandwich  –  Lucia  15/ABR/2005, 4:09 PM
Re: sandwich  –  Tom  16/ABR/2005, 2:23 PM

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