LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||03/OUT/2003 10:45 PM|
|Assunto:||Re: Start to or Start ...ing?|
- Start reading
- Stop crying
- Like singing
Practical English Usage, Michael Swan, OUP, (91 ed)
“-Ing form or infinitive? – some verbs can be followed by either .. usu with a difference of meaning.” (339)
“Start and begin can be followed by -Ing form or infinitive structures, usually with no real difference of meaning. It is perhaps more common to use an -Ing form when we are talking about the beginning of a long or habitual activity.
How old were you when you first started played the piano?
The –ing form is not used after a progressive form of begin or start
I was beginning to get angry.
“Stop + -ing = stop what one is doing or does,
I really must stop smoking
Stop + infinitive = make a break or pause in order to do something
Every hour I stop work to smoke a cigarette.” (339)
“Like + -ing = enjoy
I like walking in the rain.
Like + infinitive = choose to; be in the habit of; think it right to
"I like to get up early so I can get plenty of work
done before lunch.”
Nb ‘would like’ = wish or want – always followed by infinitive
What would you like to do?
(US/Brit diff - Like + -ing = enjoy – infinitive also used - Like + -infinitive = enjoy)
“… some grammarians prefer to avoid the terms participle and gerund .” referring to A Grammar of Contemporary English by Quirk Greenbaum, Leech Svartvik (Longman)
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