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Autor:  Ricardo - EMB -
E-mail:  emb@sk.com.br
Data:  07/DEZ/2002 1:18 PM
Assunto:  Re: Abstract x summary
 
Mensagem:  To some people abstract and summary are synonyms, being abstract a more specific and more used term. Both serve to reduce a long text to its essential key points - summarizing the study.

Swales and Feak [Academic Writing for Graduate Students (1994) Univ. of Michigan Press] refer to two types of abstract:

Results-driven: concentrating on the research findings and conclusions.
Summary: providing one- or two-sentence summaries of each of the sections of a report.

An abstract is generally seen as a more specialized form of summary and must fit a single page. A summary can be longer, may be written by somebody other than the researcher and may contain personal opinions. Both come at the beginning of a text, and serve to indicate the content of the text which follows.


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 English Made in Brazil -- English, Portuguese, & contrastive linguistics
Abstract x summary  –  José Roberto  07/DEZ/2002, 12:38 PM
 Re: Abstract x summary  –  Ricardo - EMB -  07/DEZ/2002, 1:18 PM

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