LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Autor:||Ricardo - EMB -|
|Data:||07/DEZ/2002 1:18 PM|
|Assunto:||Re: Abstract x summary|
To some people abstract and summary are synonyms, being abstract a more specific and more used term. Both serve to reduce a long text to its essential key points - summarizing the study.
Swales and Feak [Academic Writing for Graduate Students (1994) Univ. of Michigan Press] refer to two types of abstract:
Results-driven: concentrating on the research findings and conclusions.
Summary: providing one- or two-sentence summaries of each of the sections of a report.
An abstract is generally seen as a more specialized form of summary and must fit a single page. A summary can be longer, may be written by somebody other than the researcher and may contain personal opinions. Both come at the beginning of a text, and serve to indicate the content of the text which follows.
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