LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||07/OUT/2008 4:39 PM|
|Assunto:||Rob / Steal|
To rob is to deprive another of property through violence or threat of violence.
To steal is to deprive another of property without violence or threat of violence. (Note that people are not stolen, unless you say it in jest. "May I steal your assistant for a moment?" Note that buildings are not stolen, but they are burgled/burglarized and robbed.)
Thieves robbed a bank last night. Only if someone was in the bank and violence or the threat of violence was used. Why were they in the bank at night?
Thieves stole a bank last night. If true, this would mean that they took the bank home with them afterward. Very unlikely. No, they stole money from the bank
if someone was in the bank and violence or the threat of violence was used.
Thieves burgled a bank last niht. Possible.
My wallet was stolen. Possible.
My wallet was robbed. Was the wallet threatened? Did someone hurt the wallet? Probably not. No, it was stolen.
My wallet was burgled. Buildings, other structures, cars, etc. are burgled or burglarized, not wallets.
I've been robbed./ I've been burgled (= my house). Both are possible. It's understood that YOU were not burglarized, it was your home that was burglarized.
I've been stolen. Did they sell you to a pawnbroker? Did they give you to their mother? Probably not. No, you were not stolen, but something was stolen from you.
Good slang expressions for these words are "jacked" and "ripped off".
My wallet is missing, I've been ripped off!
They broke into the office and ripped off a typewriter.
The robbers ripped the bank off for $5000.
They jacked my car. ("To jack" is not nearly as common as "to rip off", and it can mean to hurt or kill.)
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