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Preposition-dependent Verbs and Adjectives

Tanto em inglês como em português existem certas palavras, especialmente verbos e adjetivos, que quase sempre são acompanhados de uma determinada preposição, tornando-se dessa forma inseparáveis. Uma vez que dificilmente pode-se estabelecer uma correlação direta e consistente entre preposições do inglês e do português, uma lista dessas palavras dependentes de preposições pode ajudar o aluno a evitar o uso incorreto de preposições.

A diferença entre preposition-dependent verbs (PDV) e multi-words verbs, é que nos primeiros, a ocorrência da preposição não altera o significado do verbo, enquanto que nos multi-word verbs, o verbo pode também ocorrer sem a preposição, mas quando ocorrer com a preposição, haverá provavelmente uma significativa alteração de significado. PDVs podem ser considerados um subcategoria de prepositional verbs (inseparable two-word verbs).

Preposition-dependent verbs

A

abide by
abstain from
accuse
someone of
add
something to something
adhere to
advise
someone to
agree on/with
aim at/for
allow for
apologize for
apply to/for
approve of
argue with/about
arise from
arrest
someone for
arrive in/at
ask for
attend to

B

beg for
believe in
belong to
beware of
blame
someone for
boast about
borrow
something from someone
brag about
buy
something for someone

C

call for
care about/for
choose between
comment on
compare to/with
complain about/of
comply with
conceal
something from
concentrate on
condemn
someone for
conform to
congratulate
someone on/for something
consent to
consist of
contribute to
cook
something for someone
count on/upon
cure
someone of a disease

D

deal with
decide about/on/upon
depend on/upon
disagree on/with
discriminate against
distinguish from
do research on/into/about
do
something for someone
dream of/about

E

escape from
excel in
exchange
something for
excuse
someone for
expect
someone to

F

face up to
find
something for someone
fine someone for
forget about
forgive
someone for

G

get something for someone
give something to someone

H

hide from
hope for

I

insist on/upon
interfere with/in
introduce to
invite
someone to

J

joke about

L

laugh at
leave for
some place
leave something for someone
lend something to someone
listen to
long for

M

make something for someone
mistake someone for

O

object to
offer
something to someone

P

participate in something
pay for something
pay something to someone
persist in
praise someone for
pray for
prepare for
present
someone with
prevent
someone/something from
prohibit
someone from
protect
someone/something from
protest about
provide
someone/something with
punish
someone for

R

recover from
refer to
rely on/upon
rescue from
respond to

S

save someone from

sell something to someone

send something to someone

sentence someone to

show something to someone

smile at

stare at

stop from

subscribe to

substitute for

succeed in

suffer from

T

take advantage/care of

talk with/to someone about something

thank someone for

think of/about

V

volunteer to

vote for

W

wait for

warn someone about

worry about


PREPOSITION-DEPENDENT ADJECTIVES

abreast of
absent from
accused of/by
accustomed to
acquainted with
addicted to
adjacent to
afraid of / to
(infinitive)
angry at
annoyed with/by
associated with
aware of

blessed with
bored with/by

capable of
close to
cluttered with
committed to
compatible with
composed of
concerned about
confronted with
connected to
conscious of
consistent with
content with
contrary to
convinced of
coordinated with
covered with
crowded with

dedicated to
devoted to
disappointed with
discriminated against
divorced from
done with
dressed in

engaged in/to
envious of
equipped with
equivalent to
excited about
exhausted from
exposed to

faithful to
familiar with
filled with
finished with
fond of
friendly to/with
frightened of/by
full of
furnished with

gone from
grateful to/for
guilty of

innocent of
interested in
invited to
involved in

jealous of

known for

limited to
located in

made of/from
married to

opposed to

patient with
pleased with
polite to
prepared for
protected from
proud of

qualified for

related to
relevant to
remembered for
responsible for

satisfied with
scared of/by
suitable for

terrified of/by
tired of/from

upset with
used to
useful to

worried about

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